Negotiations about departure of Britain from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit will start in Brussels this week.
Britain decided to leave the EU with a referendum held in June last year, and officially launched the separation process on March 29th, operating 50 items of the Lisbon Treaty. The EU decided on April 29th with a special summit in negotiations.
Negotiations will be held in Brussels, the capital of Belgium, which hosts several EU institutions, will be held between Britain’s Brexit Minister David Davis and the Chief Negotiator of the EU Commission Michel Barnier. Barnier and Davis will meet for 90 minutes. In the afternoon, technical working groups will come together to look for a compromise point on different issues.
The European Union expects negotiations to continue in the framework of a routine program in the summer months. The EU demands clarification and approval on the determined issues of the agreement by October 2018 before the official separation of 29 March 2019.
In the negotiations, making mutual trade agreement after separation is one of the difficult issues. The EU is demanding that two of the negotiations must be held at the same time, while negotiations are expected to last for 2 years without any progress negotiations.
It is thought to take 7 years for the EU to negotiate trade agreements with the third countries and the formal ratification of this agreement for all EU institutions and member states. On the other hand, the UK insists on that the transition to a customs and trade agreement should continue uninterruptedly in order for employment and investments to continue.
Britain’s separation bill is expected to be at the forefront of the most challenging issues in negotiations. The EU insists on that the UK should fully meet its commitments to the agreed 2020 budget and to the development programs of its member countries.
Brexit’s decision raises uncertainty about the rights of 1 million British citizens living in the EU, as well as 3 million EU citizens living in the UK. The EU wants the issue of the rights of the citizens of the country in the UK to be solved and secured.
In the present case, EU citizens can benefit from living, working, training and social benefits in the UK as well as in other member states. Brussels insists these rights to continue after Brexit. Being aware of the EU’s priorities on this issue, Britain is expected to find a “generous” proposal for the EU.
North Ireland is another issue the parties must agree on. The EU is demanding that the issues of the future of the peace process in the region be given priority, as well as the border issue between Ireland, a member of the United Kingdom, and Northern Ireland.